Grow a Windowsill Garden | From Your Own Kitchen Scraps


You can grow a windowsill garden with or without soil. Some of the kitchen scraps you throw out every day will regrow even if they have scraggly roots.

This is a fun project to experiment with. It will give you a sense of pride in growing some of your own vegetables and herbs on a small scale.

A windowsill doesn’t have to be the only option. Another surface area may be more convenient.

A Windowsill Garden | With or Without Soil

The focus here will be on using two methods: only water or soil. I’ve had more success with using only water although I’m in favor of both.

Unfortunately, my plants in the soil developed mold and I was unable to save them. This is one thing to be mindful of as it could cost you valuable time or even discourage you.

Water is a major source of life. The plants absorb nutrients from the water, soil, and air.

I didn’t use any aid to promote the growth of my plants, but there are grow lights and vitamins available on the market. There is extensive information on how those work.

My experiment didn’t cost me additional expenses except for a small amount of soil. You decide how you want to grow your windowsill garden. Do it your way.

Rosemary and Mint

Your Own Herb Garden … | Or Your Favorite Vegetables

Some of the items you may want to consider growing are …

  • Onions: These will produce just the greens of the onion similar to escallion or green onions.
  • Escallion or Green Onions: These also produce more greens and may thinner leaves than the original depending on the quality of the original plant.
  • Lettuce: Cut about an inch from the bottom without separating the leaves.
  • Celery: Cut an inch from the bottom without separating the stalks.
  • Assortment of Herbs: Experiment with herbs of your choice. Cut at an angle just below the node where a leaf grows.
  • Rosemary: I bought this plant in the supermarket and transplanted clippings in water. I replanted them in the soil after the roots appeared. This is a great aromatic herb for tea, soups, and seasoning meats.
  • Mint: This was also store bought and treated like the rosemary.
  • Basil: This can be done exactly like the rosemary and mint.

All you need is about one half to an inch cut from the bottom with the roots for any vegetable of your choice. The clippings from herbs are cut diagonally below the node.

Strip the bottom leaves off so they are not immersed in the water.

You could transplant them outdoors eventually if you decide to make this a bigger project, This is a good idea depending on especially if you live in an area that doesn’t have extreme weather conditions.

Romaine Lettuce

Containers | Recycled Plastic

This is an excellent way to recycle or repurpose plastic of any size or shape. Water and juice bottles make great planters using a few different methods …

  1. Discard the cover and use the entire bottle.
  2. Cut off the upper section and use the bottom.
  3. Cut off the top section. Invert it over the bottom section. Make sure the bottom is taller for a better fit.
  4. Make holes at various points around the bottle.
  5. Cut off one side of a bottle with four sides, using it laying on the side instead of upright.

There are more creative ways, but these are some of the basic ones. You could even use plastic egg crates, food containers, and styrofoam cups.

If you don’t have enough of these items for yourself, ask family members, friends and neighbors. You may even inspire them to start their own windowsill garden.

Containers Used for Windowsill Garden

Growth Cycle Above | The Roots Grow Down

You can harvest romaine lettuce in as little as 10-15 days. Sometimes you can get a second crop. Another set of blades will continue to grow. This gives you the opportunity to reap the more mature ones first.

Roots grow thicker and longer depending on how much room they have.

Here are my actual results from my journal in 2020 …

Green Onions:

  • April 7, set tiny piece from the bottom in water as an afterthought to test. Left in sunroom.
  • April 16, set 7 bottoms from refrigerator in water
  • April 19, moved to sunroom, noticed sprouts on 7
  • April 20, confirmed tiny sprout on (first) small root
  • April 22, transferred to plastic egg crate with water.

Romaine Lettuce:

  • April 16, set 2 bottoms from refrigerator in water in kitchen
  • April 19, moved to sunroom, faster sprouting, one more advanced
  • April 26, smaller one started drying up.
  • April 27, harvested first crop, discarding a few leaves from the smaller one. The largest leaves were 5″ long.
  • April 27, stripped outer original leaves, placed stumps with new growth in fresh water.


  • April 16, placed 1 bottom from refrigerator in water in kitchen
  • April 19, moved to sunroom
  • April 20, confirmed tiny sprout


  • April 20, transplanted 6 cuttings from original in soil in yogurt cups, 1 placed in water, all in sunroom. Top watered at night.
  • Monitoring original plant, 10 stems, with many tiny leaves on 1 in particular.
  • April 21, top watered, 2 looking droopy
  • April 23, moved from sunroom to kitchen.
  • April 28, 5 out of 6 mainly dried up. Bottom watered for the first time.
  • April 28, transplanted single one from water to soil, good root system formed on two bottom nodes. Top and bottom watered, slightly.
  • April 30, top watered all lightly and additionally bottom watered new transplant.
    Grow-a-Windowsill-Garden-From-Your-Own-Kitchen-Scraps-OnionOnion Greens and Roots

Your Windowsill Garden | Where Things Grow

How does your garden grow? Your garden does grow! Make it fun an exciting for yourself or with other family members.

We looked at growing your favorite herbs and vegetables in water or soil. Make use of recyclable bottles and other containers in any shape or form.

I like to use the phrase, “Nothing Wasted.” Using kitchen scraps and recyclable plastic to grow your windowsill garden exemplifies this concept.

This article, “Grow Your Windowsill Garden | From Your Scraps,” is inspired by my own personal experiment. I didn’t have enough windowsills space. My old manicure table in my sunroom provided an excellent space.

What is your windowsill garden story? Do you plant herbs and vegetables? Please share them with our readers. I’m sure they will be very helpful and inspiring.

If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. I will be more than happy to address them. I am the administrator for this site.

Windowsill Garden in Progress

What Is the Deep Sea? | An Under-Explored Depth of Darkness!

Life in the Darkness.

“What Is the Deep Sea? | An Under-Explored Depth of Darkness!” takes you on a journey into fathoms beyond where scientists have yet to conquer. They have merely scratched the surface.

Other questions are being asked about the existence of life, climate, and depth of the deep sea.

The deep sea holds many mysteries, and researchers are determined to solve them by any means possible. Modern technology has allowed them to make some significant headway.

There is still a very long way to go to get answers.

The Deep Sea. | Where Is It?

We hear phrases such as the deep blue sea, a thousand leagues under the sea, and fathoms of the sea. Do any of these give answers to, “What Is the Deep Sea?” Let’s explore …

When someone says they’re caught between the devil and the deep blue sea, it means they are in a very difficult position needing to make a decision.

A thousand leagues under the sea is considered to be 3,000 miles and a fathom refers to a depth of 6 feet under the sea. League is width; fathom is depth.

The shallow portion of the sea, up to 200 meters or 218.72 yards, is what most of us are familiar with. There are different levels below that. The deep sea is considered to be below 1000 meters.

The deeper it gets, the darker, colder, and greater the pressure. Scientists have insisted for a very long time that life couldn’t possibly be there. They have been proved wrong since the latter part of the 19th century.

Many research expeditions are being conducted with each trip being more mind baffling. The belief now is that there is more life in the deep sea than on land and the familiar parts of the ocean altogether.

Most of the creatures are unique in their appearances, structures, and mode of survival.


Depth of Darkness. | Doom or Survival?

Surprisingly, despite the gloomy outlook of the deep sea, scientists are revealing some astonishing finds indicating how little they knew and how much is yet to be discovered.

Descriptions and pictures of life at the bottom of the ocean shows …

  • Different structures and sizes of creatures than those known closer to the surface.
  • Iluminosity or bioluminescence from the majority of these living organisms.
  • A similar landscape to land … mountains and valleys, etc.

While some answers were found, many more questions have come up.

Different Structures: Distinct characteristic differences are evident in the eyes and mouth of some creatures. Larger eyes allow greater vision in the dark surroundings. Larger mouths enable them to eat massive portions or swallow prey whole.

This became necessary as a means of survival since food seemed to be scarcer, metabolism is slower, also less energy is expended to search for food.

Bioluminescence: Self-producing light by some form of chemical reaction or chemiluminescence is how this process is described.

Three major benefits of this technique are the ability to see prey, it serves as a deterrent from predators, and helps to find mates for reproduction.

Landscape: Mt. Everest, the highest mountain range on land, would be swallowed up by the Mariana Trench. That is the deepest area found in the ocean so far and is located in the Pacific Ocean.

When researchers think they have found the deepest area, they come across a drop indicating a valley. Mountain ranges called seamounts are also found, and there have been evidence of volcanic actions.

Altogether these are amazing discoveries as exploration of the deep sea continues.

The survival of creatures at any depth depends on the functions of the ecosystem. There is a dependency on each other and the resources in and around every organism.


Under-Explored | Scientific Expeditions.

In the past number of years, curiosity led researchers to build and launch equipment suitable to withstand the overall harsh conditions of the under-explored depth of the ocean.

Some of these aids include remote-operated vehicles (ROVs), single-man and larger submarines, and special cameras. These are very expensive and significant achievements.

Such trips have enabled researchers to be even more determined to see how much more there is to be discovered. What were previously assumed impossibilities are becoming undeniable reality.

Scientists are able to spend many hours at a time with teleconferences taking place between underwater crew and shore-based teams.

Greater participation in the process by scientists, teachers, students, or other interested parties in close proximity or anywhere in the world via internet is now possible.

These missions have been successful to some degree shedding light in the darkness; however, they are still “left in the dark” in terms of the limited areas they have already explored.

In addition to everything else going on, the topic of marine mining is a big issue. An abundance of minerals have been found and this is of great interest to companies and countries globally.

One concern among many is destruction of an under-explored ecosystem. What is the common ground between exploration for more discovery of life or destruction while hunting for valuable minerals?

There are arguments for both sides which have been ongoing for years. The benefits may seem worthwhile; however, the projected destruction is sure to have far-reaching consequences.

Pros and cons exist on either side, but usually those with deeper pockets and influence, especially political, attract the majority. People tend to be bandwagonists, and the loudest voices often win.


Relatives in the Not-So-Deep. | Better-Known Above.

The “grass may be greener on the other side, yet the amazing discoveries to date have shown that the organisms existing in the deep sea learn to adjust and are equipped to live there.

Many of the organisms have similarities to those found in the shallow areas; however, distinct characteristics indicate a number of different species.

One type of organism found in all layers of marine life is the echinoderm which includes the sea star. They are typically found from the warmest to the coldest climates around the globe and at all depths.

Various species of all kinds include …

  • Echinoderms: sea stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, brittle stars (ophiuroids)
  • Crustaceans: shrimps, lobsters, crabs, prawns
  • Molluscs and Other Gelatinous Organisms: octopus, jellyfish
  • Crinoids: feather stars, sea lilies
  • Immobile Invertebrates: corals, sponges
  • Vertebrates: lanternfish, flashlight fish, anglerfish, cookiecutter shark, some species of eel

Fauna and an abundance of bacteria also contribute to the diversity in that depth.

Some creatures from the deep sea travel upward, especially at night to find food. Others rely entirely on carcasses or other substances such as drift wood that fall from above.


Expeditions to … | Depths Unknown.

“What is the Deep Sea? | An Under-Explored Depth of Darkness!” is summed up here …

This area is known to be full of mysterious organisms which survive in the cold, dark, and otherwise adverse conditions proving previous beliefs wrong. It also has a similar landscape to terrestrial areas.

Some organisms are similar to others living in the upper levels; however, a number of different species have been discovered. Their survival depends on adaptable features and habits.

Deep sea mining is a huge controversial topic and has been for many years. Pros and cons on either side seem to make sense. The final outcome is yet to be seen.

There are more questions than answers about this massive ocean space and the modern expeditions made possible through new technology. Scientists have only scratched the surface.

I hope you enjoyed this article, “What Is the Deep Sea? | An Under-Explored Depth of Darkness!”

If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. I will be more than happy to address them.


What Is a Sea Star? | What Really Happened to the Starfish?


“What Is a Sea Star? | What Really Happened to the Starfish?” We’ll learn about these amazing creatures, their survival skills, and existence in the ocean beds.

The name starfish was changed to sea star to make the distinction that they aren’t fish since they have no backbones. That’s what happened to the beautiful starfish we love … only a name change.

Sea stars have many relatives from either the same or a different class under the Phylum Echinodermata. The brittle star and basket star are examples.

Now that you know this simple explanation, let’s get started …

Sea Star, Starfish | It’s all the Same.

Despite the name change, many people are still sentimental about the word starfish. They already knew it wasn’t a fish, so a starfish by any other name will always be a starfish.

What is a sea star? They are star-shaped or asteroidal marine invertebrates known as echinoderms. For those who are interested in more complex classifications, here’s a breakdown …

  • Class: Asteroidea
  • Scientific Name: Asteroidea
  • Phylum: Echinodermata
  • Higher Classification: Asterozoa
  • Kingdom: Animalia

Sea stars live in many areas of salt water, or rarely in brackish water, including coral reefs in different climates. They even survive in sand over 20,000 feet deep!

They come in a large array of colors … mainly shades of blue, brown, gray, orange, purple, and red.

The protective outer shell may be smooth, spiny, or granular. They are mainly predators but have predators who are bigger or just able to outsmart them.

What-Is-a-Sea-Star-What-Happened-to-the-Starfish-DorsalA central body disc and 5 arms are typical features with many having up to 20, 40 or more. The mouth is in the center of their underside while the anus is on the upper side.

They have rows of small tubular feet on the underside of each arm operated by a water vascular or hydraulic system. These help them with movement and to capture prey.

These sea creatures do not have blood, instead their complex vascular system uses sea water to carry nutrients through their bodies.

Three interesting features about sea stars is their feeding habits, regenerative abilities, and methods of reproduction.

Feeding Habits: They feed in two different ways … eversion of their stomachs or suspension.

Regenerative Abilities: This is a rare feature. Some species of sea stars can regrow broken parts and will even shed a limb to escape from a predator.

Reproduction: Two ways in which they reproduce are asexually on their own or sexually with a mate.

Scientists have discovered more than 2,000 types of sea stars so far. They are closely related to sand dollars, sea cucumbers, and sea urchins.

Brittle stars are also echinoderms similar to sea stars except that they have long thin arms. They belong to the class Ophiuroidea.

Basket stars are the largest ophiuroids with many branched arms and live mainly in deep sea habitats.

Colorful Sea Stars or Starfish in the Ocean.

Starfish | The Predator.

They have a rich menu of molluscs such as clams, oysters, and snails, also small fish. The eversion technique is to extend the stomach through the mouth after attaching to their prey.

Strong acids from the stomach dissolve the trapped creature for easy entry into the stomach. Smaller organisms are swallowed whole and inedible parts passed back through the mouth.

Suspension feeding allows them to capture plankton and bacteria without much effort by the mucus coating on their arms. They then transfer them to their stomachs.

Plankton are microscopic and drift as they are carried along by the ocean’s motion. Phytoplankton refers to plants while zooplankton refers to animals.

Sea stars have eyes on the tip of each arm. Sensory nerves from their complex vascular system extend from the central disc to their arms make capturing food and feeding more convenient.

They are versatile in their activities even without having a brain.

Although they also have predators, their hard shells usually serve as a deterrent. Their tactic of shedding limbs that have been caught sometimes helps them to escape.

Some predators to sea stars are fish, otters, seagulls, sharks, stingrays, and other sea stars.

Growth and Regeneration | The Sea Star Way.

The life of a sea star begins in numerous ways even with similar species. Some are hatched from eggs fertilized mainly externally but also internally.

Sexes are not identifiable and some have both male and female organs. In other cases females split in half producing male offspring. It is believed that they eventually become females.

Development into actual young sea stars is also done in diverse ways. After fertilization, some eggs become attached to plants and rocks. Others are brooded in pouches by adults.

Every aspect of regeneration does not apply to all species of sea stars. Some regrow arms or a whole sea star from a broken off arm even small fragments of it. In the meantime the missing arm regrows.

Brittle stars or serpent stars also have the capacity to regenerate broken arms; however, they do not regenerate whole brittle stars.

The whole reproduction and regeneration processes among species are much more complex than will be explained here. This area alone makes quite an interesting study.

Sea stars self populate in accordance with favorable or non favorable conditions. It’s as though they’re making sure they aren’t outnumbered.


Habitat | Home of the Stars.

Habitat life includes coral reefs, deep sand, kelp beds, rocky shores, sea grass, and tidal pools in a wide range of climates. They can live up to 35 years.

Wherever they are found in the entire global ocean … Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Southern or Antarctic … they prefer the ocean floor.

Sea stars are chiefly solitary creatures but are often found in clusters for feeding. Most of them move very slowly by way of their tubular feet. Others with a different mechanism can go faster.

Sea stars play an important role in coral reefs and the majority of species are considered beneficial in many ways. There are a few that are extremely dangerous to coral reefs and need to be controlled.

Two destructive kinds are crown-of-thorns sea stars found in the tropics and the northern Pacific sea star.

Starfish Wrap Up | Bullet Points.

Here’s a summary …

  • The sea star is the commonly known starfish and are echinoderms related to sand dollars, sea cucumbers, and sea urchins. They lack backbones making them invertebrates unlike fish.
  • They sport a wide array of colors; have between 5 and over 40 arms; and have smooth, spiny, or granular shells.
  • These predators feed on molluscs as their primary source of food but also eat small fish.
  • Different species reproduce in different ways; however, variances are found in same species.
  • Regeneration of segments of their bodies or a whole sea star is a common way of life among many species.
  • Their habitat include coral reefs, rocky shores, deep sea, warm or cold climates, but not freshwater.
  • As beautiful and beneficial as they can be, some species are a real threat to the survival of coral reefs. Marine authorities are using methods to control the crown-of-thorns sea star and other dangerous species.

This is a very short version of what could be said about these creatures. I hope you enjoyed this article, “What Are Sea Stars? | What Really Happened to the Starfish?”

If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. I will be more than happy to address them.


Why Are Coral Reefs Important? | It’s An Underwater Ecosystem.

A Bed of Corals

In this article, “Why Are Coral Reefs Important | It’s an Underwater Ecosystem,” we will explore the structure and inhabitants of this amazing beauty.

Coral reefs play a significant role in maintaining life in and out of the ocean. Many creatures spend their lives there seeking protection from predators and other threats.

Life would not be the same without this ecosystem that is constantly in danger of being destroyed. People carelessly disregard life underwater by exploitation and pollution.

Organizations around the world work rigorously to save coral reefs and their inhabitants from becoming extinct. This would affect not only these creatures but also humans.

Stories of mystical creatures such as mermaids are also a popular part of life in the ocean. Like most fairy tales, many individuals are fascinated by them.

Fairy Tale Mermaid

The Coral Reef Ecosystem | More than Meets the Eye.

Corals are more than mere structures …

… They are living creatures called polyps related to the sea anemones and jellyfish. Their hard calcium carbonate skeletal system which they secrete is what we see as the reefs. The soft structures are on the inside.

There are many species of animal and plant life in the coral reef ecosystem. Some are indigenous to different regions of the world mainly in terms of climate.

Shallow-water reefs, which are vastly more common, thrive on it’s warm tropical climate. Energy and food come from the sunlight through photosynthesis.

Deep-sea reefs are found in colder and darker water which suits them. Food source and energy come from plankton and organic matter.

The categories that exist include …

  • Fish: Diverse kinds are found here and provide food for humans and predators.
  • Molluscs: This group includes limpets, octopus, slugs, snails, and squid. Some have shells; others don’t.
  • Echinoderms: Sea stars (starfish) belong to this group. They are interesting to study with their ability to reproduce themselves from broken off limbs.
  • Crustaceans: Crabs, lobster, shrimp are included in this group. They have outer jointed shells.
  • Sponges: These are animals that resemble plants. They are sessile meaning they attach themselves to a structure and stay fixed throughout their lives.
  • Plants: Marine plants are usually sea grasses, algae, and seaweed and come in various colors, sizes, and forms.

Everything in the ocean is either a predator or prey … the hunter or hunted … or both. There is a defined food chain ensuring the survival of the fastest, smartest, or strongest.

It is not unusual to hear references such as underwater rainforest, the most diverse and largest ecosystem on earth.


Who Benefits from Coral Reefs? | Humanity.

The benefits of the coral reef ecosystem is widespread. So much is dependent on its existence.

Here are some benefits …

  • Coral reefs provide protection for coastlines during storms and from soil erosion.
  • They also provide protection for its diverse inhabitants.
  • They are a massive food source for its inhabitants as well as outsiders.
  • It’s a great source of income for people all over the world in many ways.
  • They attract tourists and locals for recreational and educational expeditions.
  • Organic foods, medicine, hair and skincare are a few products that are made from materials sourced here.

These are only a few good reasons why coral reefs are important.

Protection for Coastlines

The earth is subject to adverse effects from natural disasters such as storms and soil erosion. Coral reefs form a barrier along the coastlines helping to stabilize the effects of these conditions.

A Protective Habitat

For some organisms, it’s a lifetime abode; others only require a safe harbor until they can more safely fend for themselves. This is a good place for adults to lay their eggs where they are guarded against predators.

Significant Food Source

Fish and a good deal of other seafood are widely eaten around the globe so it’s important for human sustenance.

Income Generating

Ocean-related careers are extremely common. We find fishermen, fishmongers, restaurants, hotels, and other industries whose livelihood depends on the survival of coral reefs.

Many people spend their whole lives attending to matters relating to the ocean benefiting directly or indirectly. Families are often involved together. Fishing villages exist in seacoast communities.

Recreational and Educational

Tours are conducted for recreational as well as educational purposes. Tourists are eager to explore its beauty, students at all levels are taken on learning expeditions.

Organic and Medicinal

Organic products are a rave, and the ocean is one place to find an abundance of ingredients. Scientists and medical professionals are turning there to find cures for baffling diseases humanity faces.

There’s also the crave for acquiring wealth apart from searching for cures. This is similar to the way many individuals and industries have taken an interest in CBD.

The Fishing Industry Benefits

How Ecosystems Work | The Underwater Tour.

Marine biology is a branch of marine science specializing in the study of marine life. Over 70 percent of the earth consists of the ocean. It has an extensive coastline and a depth of approximately four kilometers.

An expansive study of marine life and activities is divided into branches or sub-fields. All areas of study specialize in different aspects relating to structures, environment, relativity to each other, and so much more.

Oceanography, also called oceanology, is an example of a branch of ocean science.

As researchers explore coastlines and the depth of the ocean they make what are sometimes unbelievable discoveries. The diversity of species and the resemblance between some plants and animals are fascinating.

The relationship among the species is ongoing similar to other ecosystems in the universe.

Scuba diving and glass-bottom boating are popular ways to see some of these sights. There is still quite a lot to be known and discovered about the full spectrum of marine life.

The coral reef mini tour begins …

Zooxanthellae are uni-cell algae that live inside the coral-reef-building polyps. They contain chlorophyll that converts sunlight into food and energy in exchange for their protective abode.

These types of coral reefs are found in tropical and subtropical climates where they depend chiefly on sunlight. They thrive in shallow, clear, unpolluted water with the constant ebb and flow motion.

Marine life consists of microscopic organisms and very large creatures. Many of them live in the shelter of coral reefs. Fish may be the first that come to mind.

Well known food fish such as grouper and snapper take shelter here. They feed on plants, smaller organisms, and fragments of dead animals of any size. These are usually preyed upon by other creatures.

Fish are a food source for predators that prey on them. The food cycle can be a vicious one and some species are more susceptible than others. Thanks to hiding places and disguises, they sometimes escape.

Mankind rely heavily on fish and other seafood in their diet. The ecosystem relationship is seen here, from habitation in the reefs, fishing, vendors to individual and business consumers.

In this “tour” we’ll also find many species of echinoderms, one of the most common type being sea stars or star fish. There are over 2,000 documented types of sea stars.

The popularly known name starfish has been changed to sea stars as they aren’t fish at all.

There are also several classifications chiefly known for their five arms. Others have up to 20 or more with their skeletal structure on the outside for protection.

They are only found in the ocean in tropical or cold water and do not exist in freshwater.

Other interesting finds are crabs, shrimps, lobsters, sea fans, many species of plants such as plankton, which all provide food to other marine life and humans.

Echinoderms in the Coral Reef Ecosystem

Protection Needed. | Time to Give Back.

The coral reef ecosystems provides protection for many forms of life; however, they also need protection. Humans pose a great threat in numerous ways.

  • Pollution occurs from individuals carelessly dumping trash directly into the ocean or along its shores. Some of these eventually get into the ocean.
  • Other forms of pollution come from all types of chemicals including insecticides, oils, and miscellaneous debris.
  • The growth of algae and other types of organisms increases due to pollution causing overcrowding and suffocation.
  • Corals come in various colors, shapes, and types. They are harvested illegally for personal use or sale as decorations and jewelry.
  • Illegal fishing of young fish and other seafood rob this habitat of mature ones for sustenance.
  • Fishing methods can be harmful when they cause damage to the reefs or expose animals from their safe hideouts.

These practices are especially harmful because corals grow very slowly and take a long time to replenish.

Stressful and disruptive situations cause the colorful algae living inside the polyps to die or leave the comfort of the coral. This results in the bleaching effect which destroys coral reefs.

Higher-than-normal temperatures from extreme climate change is one contributing factor to bleaching. This along with human habits are among the main concerns.

It’s a huge struggle to curb the careless, irresponsible behavior of people who litter the ocean and the appetite of those who carry out illegal activities.

Marine organizations do their best to control them by putting rules and regulations in place. Volunteers usually organize cleanup and educational campaigns.

Education is a key component though not everyone care enough to change their habits.
If everything was left to exposure to predators including mankind, more destruction would have been done.

Volunteers Cleaning up the Ocean Front.

The Final Word. | Ecosystems Equal Collaboration.

Ecosystems are important for the protection and survival of its members … it’s a collaboration.

What goes on along the shoreline or in the depths of the ocean should not be taken lightly. There is a vast existence that many people couldn’t begin to imagine, best described as fascinating or magical.

There are predators that go after their prey in either ia subtle or aggressive manner. The vulnerable use camouflage to hide but the predators also use camouflage to trap their victims.

Collaboration includes the help of humans who are knowledgeable about the ocean bed. Organizations instill laws in an effort to ensure the survival of coral reefs in every region.

An interesting part of the ocean is the mystical stories that are very popular and continue to hold the attention of those who get a thrill out of these tales.

Some stories have been viewed in a negative light as being evil, and maybe rightly so. That doesn’t always deter individuals who grew up with the fascination of identifying with these mystical creatures.

We have the choice to determine what we believe to be mere stories and create our own versions if desired. Many stories have been recreated portraying them in a positive light.

That’s the beauty of the creative arts!

I hope this article, “Why are Coral Reefs Important? | It’s an Underwater Ecosystem,” has been informative and interesting to you.

If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. I will be more than happy to address them.

The Amazing, Colorful, and Fascinating Underwater Ecosystem!

The Amazing, Colorful, and Fascinating Underwater Ecosystem!

Fresh Sugar Cane Juice | Antique Mill

Fresh sugar cane juice using an antique mill may sound strange to many people. Not everyone is familiar with the process of making sugar.

We pick up processed sugar in the stores without giving it a second thought. How did this refinement take place? Modern technology has made it easier than it was in former years.

Once upon a time things were done differently. Farmers’ equipment were less sophisticated and manual labor was the norm.

Sugar was the prime export commodity from the West Indies to Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries. The juice had to be extracted to produce molasses and sugar crystals.

Bundles of Sugar Cane

Brief History of Sugar Cane | The West Indies Story.

Sugar cane is a member of the grass family grown in warm tropical climates. This fibrous stalk is jointed similar to the bamboo but denser on the inside.

In the 17th century under British control, sugar cane was introduced to the West Indies from Brazil. Massive forced laborers captured and sold from Africa were used to fortify the plantation owners.

Sugar was a luxury item until its increased production in the New World saturated Europe. This contributed to the gradual affluence of the populace who could now afford it.

Growing sugar cane was very strenuous work done only by enslaved laborers at first and considered undignified by the middle and upper class population.

Many workers including men, women, and children died due to the hard work and harsh conditions. That was not a problem, however, as they were easily replaced by more captives as stock.

The West Indies is known for its intense hot weather all year long. High production resulting in wealthy plantation owners was top priority, and the free labor made this happen.

The days were long, arduous with frequent whip lashings, and usually unbearable. There were many steps involved from preparing the land to obtaining the various byproducts.

Field of Sugar Cane

Antique Methods | Pre-technology.

Land had to be cleared and hoed before planting and fertilizing took place. The work was not only backbreaking but also done manually.

Harvesting was done using machetes otherwise called cutlasses. The stalks were taken to the mill buildings where they were crushed and the juice boiled producing a rich brown sticky substance.

Crushing was done by feeding the cane through a mill between heavy extractors expelling the juice. This was sometimes a dangerous procedure often injuring the workers.

The juice was stored in barrels until it went through a separation process. The top portion, a very dark, thick substance called molasses was poured off. Rum is a byproduct of molasses.

The lower portion which is the sugar was shipped to Europe in barrels.

Further refinement was later done to get the different grades and shades of sugar … dark, medium, light brown, and white or granulated.


Fresh Sugar Cane Juice | The Mill

Fresh sugar cane juice using a manual mill usually operated by two persons is still in use on a very small scale. There are individuals who love this business and find it convenient.

The mill is made of metal and mounted on a metal or wooden base with the cane being fed between two pieces of the metal.

The operators at either end of a long horizontal pole pushed going around in circles as the juice is caught into containers. Operators can be relieved by others to make it less strenuous.

Particles from the cane will also get into the liquid so it is strained with a very fine strainer or clean cloth prior to storing.

This fresh juice has a 24-hour shelf life and must be refrigerated or freezed to prolong its freshness. In order to keep the liquid evenly distributed, the juice should be thawed and stirred before serving.

Sugar cane juice is refreshing alone but is usually enjoyed with the addition of lemon or lime juice.

Despite its pleasing taste of both sugar cane juice and sugar, it is a product that should be used in moderation or avoided by person suffering from diabetes and obesity due to the high carbohydrate content.

In addition to the abundance of sucrose (sugar), it has small amounts of nutritional elements such as iron, zinc, magnesium, calcium, sodium, chloride, potassium, among others.

The tradition of cultivating and/or juicing cane has remained in families and sometimes passed on to the next generation.

The Entrepreneur | His Story

Hector Campbell, a man who is passionate about farming, operated his own cane juice business for many years using his manual cane mill. Members of the family participated in this chore.

This old-fashioned piece of equipment has produced hundreds of gallons of juice served to family members, friends from all over the world, and sold to local shops, restaurants, and hotels.

Friends of his from the USA visited his home and made a video showcasing the operation of his mill.

People mistakenly thought that water was added to the juice to “stretch” it. It was customary to keep it frozen in the plastic gallon or half gallon containers they were sold in.

A few buyers ignored the instruction to thaw it thoroughly and proceeded with false accusations requesting their money back. Others quickly understood and followed the proper procedure.

Sugar Cane Juice | Refreshing to the Last Drop

Sugar cane cultivation and processing may have broken the backs of those who were captured illegally and inhumanely transported to the West Indies …

… however, many of their descendants became proud and beloved farmers providing for their families and making a life for themselves.

The manual sugar cane mill has outlasted what was the number one trade between the British West Indian colonies and Europe. Though not widely used, a few are still in operation or kept as antiques.

Sugar cane juice is sweet, refreshing, and can be enjoyed to the very last drop.

Remember to thaw thoroughly if frozen to avoid having a separation of the liquid. The first part will be very sweet while the balance watered down.

Despite the title of this article, “Fresh Sugar Cane Juice: Antique Mill” cane is more popular than cane juice and is sold in food markets, on the side of the road, and at various events.

I hope you found this article beneficial. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. I will be more than happy to address them.

Courtesy of Errol Corbett, Montego Bay, Jamaica

Christmas Jamaican Traditions | Sorrel

Why are traditions important to people all over the world? During the Christmas Holidays, there are several Jamaican traditions which have been passed on throughout generations.

One such tradition is drinking sorrel. It’s as important as eating the rich Christmas cake made with dried fruits soaked in rum and/or brandy for several months.

Sorrel, as a part of Christmas tradition, is popular among Jamaicans wherever they are in the world. They find a way to source it directly from Jamaica or other areas, anywhere it can be found.

Sorrel Drink Manufactured by Errol Corbett of Montego Bay, Jamaica.

Christmas in Jamaica | How Traditions are Born.

Christmas Jamaican traditions have been handed down in families from generation to generation. Some have perfected the art of each and are looked upon to provide treats and dishes on special occasions.

Others simply take the easy way out and purchase from individuals, local shops, and supermarkets. Whatever the choice is, traditions are significant and important among the masses.

Jamaica, culturally, is made up of African descendants, Indians, Germans, British to name a few. Our motto, “Out of Many, One People” sums it up perfectly.

It is to be expected that traditions are a combination of practices from several cultures. In the case of sorrel, there is no limit to the different versions even in the same family or parish.

As people travel and intermingle with others, they share information and try out new ways of doing things. Despite all that, the main ingredients tend to remain the same.

What is Sorrel … Hibiscus?

Sorrel is known by different names especially in other parts of the world. Hibiscus is the most common alternative and hibiscus teabags are available in some grocery stores.

It is easily grown and found abundantly in Jamaica in time for the Christmas into New Year’s festivities. It is also common in West Africa and some other parts of the world.

Although farmers usually grow a large crop to meet the demand for the holidays, it can be cultivated on a smaller scale in backyards or on any other residential plot.

Hibiscus is another very popular plant in Jamaica which is totally different from the sorrel. That plant is commonly used as hedges for homes and the vast variations adorn hotel properties and parks.

Sorrel has nutritional value being rich in Vitamins A and C, calcium, magnesium, and potassium. It is used as tea any time of the year. Its taste is somewhat tart.


Traditionally Jamaican | Long Live the Sorrel!

Jamaicans, like people of different cultures, take their practices with them. Even when they enjoy and participate in other cultures, their own traditions seem to be embedded in their DNA.

Sorrel is much loved and will be around to continue this endearing tradition for future generations. Christmas is only a few days away and it definitely will be in many homes.

With the focus being on Christmas Jamaican traditions, for those of us who truly enjoy this bright red concoction I say long live the sorrel!

Christmas Sorrel Recipe | As You Like It.

With or without alcohol is a matter of choice and taste. The basic ingredients are sorrel, ginger, sugar, spices, and (optional) rum. Even some individuals who do not drink alcohol enjoy a small amount added.

Traditionally, alcohol would and should be excluded if served to children. This could be done by setting some aside before adding alcohol for whosoever will.

Variations include different spices such as cinnamon, nutmeg, anise, orange peel. Remember, the Jamaican motto strongly indicates that there is an assortment of cultural differences.

Dried or fresh sorrel is used. Less, about half the amount, is used if it’s dried as this would typically be stronger.

Below is an adjustable recipe that is sure to please the palates of any gathering. All spices do not have to be used.

Christmas Sorrel Drink

  • 4 cups fresh or 2 cups dried sorrel (for example).
  • Water, enough for the number of servings you want.
  • Grated, crushed, or sliced ginger as much as desired based on tolerance for its spicy flavor.
  • Peel or grated rind of one orange, lemon, or lime (optional)
  • 1-3 cinnamon sticks or a few cinnamon leaves (optional)
  • Allspice (optional)
  • Nutmeg (optional)
  • Star Anise (optional)
  • Sugar to taste
  • Rum as desired (option). Do not include for children.


  1. Boil the water in a large pot.
  2. Remove from heat and add sorrel, ginger, other spices of choice.
  3. Cover and allow to seep for a minimum of one hour, longer for a stronger brew.
  4. Strain and sweeten to taste.
  5. Add rum, if desired, after putting some aside for children or non-alcoholic drinkers. Another alternative is to add the rum when serving.
  6. Refrigerate and add ice to serve.

Use spices that are appealing to your own taste. Sorrel, ginger, and at least one other spice is basic. Some people, maybe most, do not use a recipe. “Eyeballing” it is the way to go. You can’t go wrong; it’s that simple.

Christmas Cheers | Enjoy a Drink of Sorrel!

Christmas Jamaican traditions are often dictated by the mixed culture that exists on the island. Some individuals will still observe these traditions wherever they are in the world.

Growing, harvesting, and drinking sorrel is a very common practice not only at Christmastime but also throughout the year because of its desirable, refreshing taste and benefits.

Although it tends to be a seasonal plant, it is usually preserved in its dried form. This, like herbs in general, is stronger than the fresh flowers.

Wherever you are, whether or not you are Jamaican, of Jamaican descent or connected in any other way, Cheers to you … have a drink of sorrel this holiday season!

My father, Hector Campbell, spent most of his life farming as one of his greatest passions. He planted, harvested, sold, and prepared sorrel drink for his family and friends. Ginger was the number one addition.

It would be interesting to hear what your Christmas tradition is. If that includes sorrel, feel free to share how you and your family like it and what spectrum of the Jamaican culture are your ancestors from.

I hope you enjoyed this article, “Christmas Jamaican Traditions: Sorrel.” If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. I will be more than happy to address them.

Courtesy of Errol Corbett, Montego Bay, Jamaica.

Swimming for Beginners | Can You Swim?

“Swimming for Beginners | Can You Swim?” starts with the question, “Can you swim?” This is one of the first questions I ask people I meet. I get a mixed response. It is amazing that many people from the islands do not even know how to swim. Some have no interest.

As a lifeguard and swimming instructor, swimming is and will always be foremost in my mind. I meet people from all over the world, and I’m interested in their lives. I also share about my life with them.

My mission is to introduce them to a fun and fulfilling pastime, which could also save their lives.

Hector George Campbell

Can You Swim? | Learning Is Easy.

Let’s start at the very beginning … my style. That’s a good place to start.

Swimming has many benefits from recreational to medical. Most people, especially those who learn to swim at an early age, was introduced to it mainly for recreation.

Many swimmers later on utilize this as a form of exercise for medical reasons. Others may have been advised to include it in their wellness routine.

Once I’ve established that a person is a non-swimming, my next move is to encourage them to change that status. This is not always an easy task.

Most people are naturally afraid of bodies of water, especially to immerse themselves. Half my job is done when they agree to start swimming lessons.

People who live near bodies of water or on an island in general should see it as critical to learn to swim. It is also good to learn lifesaving techniques. The life you save could be your own or someone close to you.

Let’s Begin | Pre-Swimming Steps

Before allowing a student to enter the water, I establish two basic rules …

  1. They must listen to me.
  2. They must be willing to follow my instructions.

It is important to eliminate the fear factor by getting used to the water on their faces. Otherwise, this would be a huge barrier if they are startled by a sudden splash.

The method I’ve used throughout the years has been very effective. And although it’s difficult to convince everyone how important swimming is, I’ve had a high rate of success.

I instruct them to lay face down on the sand in very shallow water. Then they breathe out and hold their breath, close their eyes and mouth.

They lower their faces into the water, keeping it there as long as is comfortable for them. I have them repeat this exercise several times.

After they become comfortable doing that, they are ready to practice simple arm and leg movements in the shallow water. Then they go on to basic strokes.


Next Steps … | Or Strokes.

For the next step, they practice the strokes they have learned so far by swimming across the shoreline. This way, they do not wander out into deeper water. That could be frightening!

I usually do not go into the water with my students until they start swimming.

When their confidence has been built up enough, they are ready to launch out a little deeper. But first, they will learn to float and tread water.

These are two very important techniques that could make the difference between life and death. They can be used when a swimmer gets tired, instead of continuing to swim and run the risk of drowning.

Floating allows them to rest on their back without sinking. Arms are stretched out sideways, feet are together, chin is raised upwards to prevent water from covering the face.

Treading water allows them to stay in a vertical position in one place while moving their arms and legs in a circular or doggy paddle motion.

Different Folks | Different Swim Strokes.

Different swimming strokes would have been introduced during the lessons. Everyone will have a preferred style or styles. The four basic ones are freestyle/crawl, breaststrokes, butterfly, and backstrokes.

Most students are willing to learn all strokes and feel confident enough in applying them. In the end, they will settle with their preferred choice.

Each student learns at a different pace. They are more comfortable when they don’t feel pressured or rushed to perform. Even if they are reluctant at first, in their own time they excel.

Some of my students have gone on to be lifeguards, swimming instructors, or involved in other water-related activities and professions. Quite a number of them never thought they would overcome their fear of water or learning to swim.

My goal is to get them beyond that.

Can You Swim? | Yes, You Can!

At first, learning to swim may seem like an impossible task for many people. It’s a skill that can be learned easily if the student is willing to listen and obey the instructor.

Progress will be at each individual’s pace even in a group setting where everyone starts out with the same basic techniques. The level of trust and comfort will be helpful in the process.

Swimming has many benefits, and the initial fear of water can be overcome with the right approach and technique.

Although several strokes are learned, everyone will have their own personal style. What is your favorite swimming stroke and why? Let us hear from you.

It is fascinating when an individual transitions from being afraid of going into the water to becoming a fearless swimmer and, perhaps, lifesaver.

I would be thrilled to hear from my former students and acquaintances. There are many students from my Sunfish Swimming School.

Please reach out in the comments section below if you have benefited from my instructions or life in general.

If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. I will be more than happy to address them.

Learning Swimming Strokes | Here Are the Methods I Have Taught

“Learning Swimming Strokes | The Methods I Have Taught” shows that swimming is an art, and a necessary life skill to have. Learning swimming strokes is exciting and gets better with practice.

As a lifeguard and swimming instructor, I have taught all the basic strokes in addition to advanced ones.

Find a style you’re comfortable with or interchange them during your swimming routine.

Learning-Swimming-Strokes-Here-Are-the Methods-I-Have-Taught-Swimming

A Little History Lesson | Swimming

References have been made to swimming for as long as mankind can remember. Books have been written, illustrations have been found from ancient times.

Old-fashioned swim aids, such as animals’ bladder and cork for floating, were also discovered.

Competitions have also been popular for many centuries. Indoor pools were built to hold these events and for swimming in general.

Then came the Olympics in 1896! Only males were included at that time, but in most recent years, women have become unstoppable.

Swimming is known to involve all the muscles of the body. This makes it highly beneficial for circulation and therapeutic for different ailments.

Indoor Swimming Pool

Warming Up | Before Swimming

Every sport has a warm-up exercise before beginning; swimming is no exception. This allows the muscles and joints to slowly warm up before the more rigorous swimming exercise.

These include arms, shoulders, and legs, which can be done for a few minutes. They should not be too strenuous to get you tired, nor cause pain.

Some basic ones are raising and lowering the arms, rotating the shoulders, swinging the legs, and bending in different directions.

Now it’s time to head out to sea.


Let’s Begin | The Famous Four

These are the most common …

The Crawl: This was sometimes referred to as freestyle. Each arm is raised straight in front of you along the side of your head simultaneously.

You can choose to rotate your head to one side as you raise that arm, then switch to the other side at your convenience. An alternative is to breathe after a few breaths. Whatever is comfortable for you.

The head can be kept down if you’re wearing goggles and a snorkel for breathing.

The legs are kept straight with the feet doing a one-two, one-two “doggy paddle” rhythm. This will take practice to master.

Breaststroke: This is a beginner’s delight. It is more relaxing and easier to perform. The arms and legs are moved in a similar pattern.

From a belly-down position, the head is lowered into the water. The palms are placed together in front of your face with fingers closed. Push them forward, rotate them until the back of the hands touch each other.

A good starting point is pushing off with your feet on the sand or from a jetty or diving board with your hands in position.

The head is raised from the water for breathing and lowered simultaneously. It is raised when the arms are alongside the body and lowered to meet the hands before they separate again.

If you’re wearing goggles and a snorkel, you can keep your head down.

Keep fingers together and push hands and arms apart, bringing them down to touch your upper legs. In the meantime, the legs are drawn up with knees touching. They are then pushed away sideways while straightening the legs.

This takes practice to keep the rhythm going.

Butterfly: The butterfly stroke takes a lot of energy and produces the most splash! To start, position yourself as with the breaststroke. Keep your fingers closed and hands together before rotating them to push out.

The arms will be pushed out sideways alongside your body, then exit the water. They are then thrown over to reenter the water and continue the procedure.

The knees are slightly bent with feet together, pointing downwards, and ankles relaxed. Kick downwards as the knees straighten before repositioning. This propels the body forward together with the hand movements.

Inhale while the head is up; exhale while in the water. Perfect this stroke by practicing.

Backstroke: It is similar to the crawl, except it is performed face up. Synchronization of arms and legs are important. Speed is dependent mainly on the arms propelling the body. The kicking motion of the feet helps to balance the body.

If you can master any one of these strokes with a lot of practice, you are well on your way to more advanced techniques, if you choose. You may want to train as a lifeguard, swimming instructor, or be certified in other rescue-related areas.

On the competitive side, you can train at different levels all the way to the Olympics!


Which Style is Yours? | Pick and Choose

It could be one or the other or all, but usually you will have a preferred style. Some people like a more easy-going and relaxed style. Others are more concerned about speed, getting to their destination in record time.

Some like to show off for their spectators, while others will mix it up for convenience. So, your preference will depend on what you want to achieve.

Comfort, safety, and purpose are influencers in choosing your style.


Let’s Recap | Swimming Strokes

The art of swimming has been known since the beginning of time. Swimming has been mentioned in every era. Some parts of the world offer more opportunities, especially if it is close to the ocean.

A warm-up routine is a good place to start before heading out to sea. It is beneficial, allowing your body to be more prepared for the swimming activity.

We looked at four of the basic swimming techniques … the crawl, breaststroke, butterfly, and backstroke.

You can practice all of them or choose the one(s) you’re more comfortable with.

Can you Swim? Which is your preferred style? Please let us know.

If you have questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. I will be more than happy to address them.

This article, “Learning Swimming Strokes | Here Are the Methods I Have Taught” has been prepared on behalf of Hector Campbell.

Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation … Saves!

Mouth-to-mouth Resuscitation has prevented many individuals from experiencing an untimely death.

Drowning accounts for a large percentage of deaths each year all over the world. Many people living on the islands do not know how to swim so drowning incidents are high.

Fortunately, there are qualified lifeguards, swimming instructors, and others who are trained in lifesaving techniques. There are also swimmers untrained in this area who have risked their lives to save others.


What is Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation?

This is a universally accepted technique used in cases of drowning, choking, and other instances where someone has stopped breathing. Usually, the person will still have a heartbeat.

The rescuer blows air into the victims’ lungs by sealing his mouth over theirs. This is referred to as insufflation, ventilations, or rescue breaths.

It is generally used in conjunction with heart compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to restart breathing.

Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation is a method I have used successfully for over 30 years as a lifesaver.

There are different variations to delivering “rescue breaths”…

  • Mouth-to-mouth and nose: This forms a better seal when working on infants up to 1 year old.
  • Mouth-to-nose: Sometimes there is vomit in the mouth or injuries preventing mouth-to-mouth. This is also an easier method when working on the person while still in the water.
  • Mouth-to-mask: This method is more common today than before. A mask serves as a barrier between the rescuer and victim. A one-way valve allows air from the rescuer to the victim but not substances from the victim’s mouth to the rescuer.

From a Lifeguard Stand: A Bird’s Eye View

I worked as a lifeguard for over 20 years. Whether or not I’m on the stand, I’m constantly scanning the entire beach looking for someone in need of help.

The elevated view from the stand has an advantage … a bird’s eye view. It’s easier to see movements right below me and far out at sea. I wear sunshades to protect my eyes and to prevent the sun from obscuring my vision.

Speed in getting to the victim makes a great difference. This includes running as well as swimming. Practice makes perfect. These skills are not automatic. Ongoing training, practice, and annual examination are critical to my rate of success.

Lifeguard on Duty

Ready, Set, Go … No Time to Waste!

As soon as I see someone showing signs of uncertainty or fatigue, I’m ready to move. I observe people’s behavior closely.

Children are not always monitored. Sometimes non swimmers venture out too far or lose their balance. At times, they are pushed in by idle friends. Drunks and others under the influence of some kind have turned up for a swim.

These are all vulnerable individuals I pay special attention to. My eyes are on everyone.

There is limited time in which to get to a victim before they swallow too much water and end up in greater danger. Water gets into the lungs, they stop breathing, and within minutes the heart stops. This leads to complications and may be fatal.

This Person is Drowning

In the Nick of Time, Another Life is Saved … Resuscitation!

A drowning person is terrified. They can’t keep afloat, they swallow water, and they’re not sure if they will be rescued in time. One of the most important thing I do is prevent them from grabbing on to me. They could easily bring me down if I allow that.

My task is to hold them in a way that the head is back with the mouth and nose above water. This way they have no control over me and can now relax. I get them to shore as quickly and safely as possible.

It is important to lay them on the sand and continue with the procedures. I ask them questions and reassure them, confirming that they are no longer in danger. When necessary, I request medical help for them.

I have never lost a life in all these years. For this I’m thankful. It is a blessing to be able to make such a difference in people’s lives.

Rescued from Drowning

Eyesight to Hands On: Resuscitation Method. 

Learning to swim is a beneficial and necessary skill for anyone to have. Lifesaving skills is an asset, which has been used to prevent many untimely deaths.

Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, including its variations, is performed independently in drowning incidents. It is also a part of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

My role as a lifeguard and swimming instructor is to save lives by teaching and rescuing. Children of any age, non swimmers in particular, and people under the influence of substances are especially vulnerable. They should be monitored closely.

If you find yourself in a position where there is no professional lifesaver, you may not have time to think through your actions. Remember, it is critical to always be in control.

It is important to get to a victim immediately to prevent further complications or death. Hold the person being rescued in a way that prevents them from grabbing you and pulling you under.

Get them out safely, lay them down, ask questions, reassure them, and seek medical help where necessary.

Best of all, pursue some kind of training to equip yourself to help others. Also, become a stronger swimmer by taking time to practice regularly.

This article has been compiled on behalf of Hector Campbell. I hope it has benefited you in some way. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. I will be more than happy to address them.


Hector George Campbell, Montego Bay, Ja | Do You Know This Man?

Many people know him as Hector, Mr. Campbell, swimming instructor, and lifeguard from Montego Bay, Jamaica.

Hector George Campbell is about people, the ocean, and farming.

He is known all over the world. It is not unusual to mention swimming and the first name you hear is Hector Campbell.

Going in for the Dive

Hector’s Love for People | An Influencer

You can call him a philanthropist. His life has always been about people regardless of social standing, ethnicity, or lifestyle.

He gave of his time, shared his personal belongings, and opened his home to many persons.

He strikes up a conversation with anyone. He has a lot to share about life, his family and experiences, also learning a lot from those he encountered.

Many children and young people, whose lives he has touched in one way or another, look up to him. Parents confidently left them in his care.

He took time out to participate in church and other social activities. He played a great role in successful rallies organized by his church, Mt. Salem Open Bible, and held at Doctor’s Cave in the past.


Called to the Ocean | Swimming and Lifesaving with Hector

From his first introduction to the ocean, he has never looked back … from beach attendant to lifeguard to swimming instructor.

Doctor’s Cave Bathing Club was his place of employment for 32 years, 1952 to 1984. That was one of his platforms to meet, teach, and rescue many locals and international visitors.

During those years, he has rescued hundreds of individuals who have had near-drowning experiences. There was one case where he saved a woman who was underwater for over 15 minutes. He never gave up working on her lifeless body.

For this, he received the Duke of Edinburgh Award from England. He was immediately invited to the Governor General’s official resident, King’s House in Kingston, Jamaica.

He also assisted in training individuals for the national lifeguard examination, including guides from Great River, Sandy Bay, Hanover.

He needed a bigger platform to encourage everyone he came across to learn how to swim. As a result, he started his Sunfish Swimming School. His busiest schedule was during the summer holidays when he conducted two shifts each day.

One of the first questions he would ask is, “Can you swim?” This would be followed by the importance and benefits of swimming.

Mr. Campbell’s method of teaching and his personality are responsible for the success he has had as an instructor. And there are many success stories!

He could take as little as 10 minutes to get someone started or give them as much time as they needed to build up their confidence.

He was so confident that his method would work to the point where he actually offered to pay someone if they didn’t learn. As long as they dedicated themselves to the task, they could do it …

… even if they were initially scared to go into the water. Naturally, there are those who didn’t accomplish this task.

Give the Children an Early Start.

Farming | More Than a Hobby

He put as much energy into farming as he did swimming. He made time and space for it. The entire perimeter of his residential property, in addition to land he owned at some point, was cultivated.

Crops included a variety of mangoes, coconut, cane, breadfruit, banana, soursop, sweetsop, custard apple, naseberry, sweet potatoes, ackee, avocado, egg fruit, and many types of vegetables.

His yard also showcased a variety of flowering and non-flowering plants. Then there was livestock. At one point he marketed chickens and eggs to hotels, local stores, and individuals.

You could say that for someone to spend so much time cultivating food, he should be knowledgeable in this area. And he is! He could talk farming to you all day long.

Another thing he was good at was cooking, baking, and preparing all sorts of juices. He was popularly known for his cane juice, which he supplied to individuals, local shops and hotels.

He still has his man-powered cane mill.

Whenever guests were invited home, he was the chef … the perfect host. He had a knack for cooking, serving, and cleaning up all at once while finding time to eat. He still cooks, but not quite as much as before.

Banana Plant

Lives Hector Touched Along the Way | Where Are They Now?

There are people whom he has been in contact with throughout the years. Many contacts have been lost along the way. Some of these are his past students including graduates of Sunfish Swimming School.

People have been asking about him. He, also, wants to get in touch with his long-time associates.

These go back to three or four generations … children he taught to swim grow up then take their children to him, who in turn take their children.

It is a blessing to know that there is a way to connect. All hope is not lost. Great relationships are to be cherished; they are priceless!

Mr. Campbell has traveled to different parts of the United States. Once, he was in New York when a young man called out to him. This was someone he had rescued from drowning many years before in Jamaica.

This is a vast world, yet, small when you see how easy it is to connect the dots wherever you are. Mention a name and someone is likely to know a connection.

People Connect the Dots.

Hector’s Humble Beginnings | Fighting to Finish Strong!

Whatever you call him, Hector or Mr. Campbell, he is an influencer in many people’s lives … locally and internationally.

He is …

  • a people person: He interacts with people on every level, literally from very humble beginnings to King’s House.

He is famously known as …

  • lifeguard, swimming instructor: Formerly employed at the world-renowned Doctor’s Cave Bathing Club and Owner of Sunfish Swimming School, formerly in Montego Bay, Jamaica.

He cultivated …

  • fruits, vegetables, other plants and also owned livestock. Many people benefited from his generosity and hard labor.

With everything he has achieved and lost along the way, he is determined to finish strong!

If you are someone who is or has been associated with Mr. Hector Campbell in any way, please feel free to leave questions or comments below. I will be more than happy to address them.